Male Infertility -Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment Strategies


Male infertility refers to any medical condition in a male that decreases the probability that his female partner will get pregnant.

Around 13 out of 100 couples typically fail to conceive during unprotected intercourse. Infertility affects both men and women for a number of reasons. More than a third of cases of infertility have a male factor. Most frequently, this is brought on by complications with his sperm delivery or production. You do not have to worry because South Asian Fertility Mountain View can help you with various treatment procedures. 

Causes, diagnosis, and treatment strategies

Many elements must come together to allow for sperm to be mature, healthy, and moving. The development of sperm might be interrupted by problems. It is possible for sperm to face obstacles on the way to the egg. Even the scrotum’s warmth can impact fertility. These factors mostly cause male infertility:

  • Varicoceles
  • Medication
  • Obstruction
  • Immunologic infertility
  • Sperm disorders
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Hormones


Male infertility issues can be challenging to diagnose. Most of the time, sperm generation or delivery is the problem. A thorough history and physical exam are the first stages in the diagnosis. Your healthcare practitioner may also request blood tests and testing on the semen.

Physical exam and history

Your doctor will take note of your medical and surgical history. Any conditions or medications that may impact your fertility should be reported to your physician. Your reproductive system issues, low hormone levels, sickness, or accidents may be among them.

Semen analysis

Semen analysis is a typical test performed in a laboratory. It helps determine the amount of sperm produced and whether or not the sperm is functioning properly (e.g., moving, as indicated by sperm motility). If the test results show abnormal sperm counts, it is often performed at least twice. You are required to masturbate into a sterile cup in order to collect sperm. A sample of semen is analyzed. It can be examined for components that promote or inhibit fertilization.

Transrectal ultrasound

Your doctor may prescribe a transrectal ultrasonography. To obtain an image of an organ, ultrasound uses sound waves that are reflected off the organ. In the rectus, a probe is inserted. The neighboring ejaculatory ducts get sound waves through it. 


Treatment depends on the root cause of infertility. Drugs and surgery are efficient ways of dealing with numerous problems. This could allow conception via normal sex. The following therapies are divided into three distinct categories:

  • Treatment for unknown reasons for male infertility
  • Surgical therapy for male infertility
  • Non-surgical therapy for male infertility
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